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Language is a means of human communication that has a phonological and grammatical structure and functions as a system.

 Varieties of language are classified according to three characteristics: the form of presentation, the time of use, and territorial distribution:

 1. The form of presentation

1.1. Spoken language (communicated through sounds)
1.2. Written language (communicated through writing)

2. The time of use

2.1. Contemporary language

Contemporary standard language (written and spoken)
Dialects (mainly spoken)
Social idiolects (mainly spoken)

2.2. The language of old writings

3. Dialects (classified on the basis of their territorial distribution)

Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore, The Institute of the Lithuanian Language, Lithuanian Institute of History, Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, 2003 - 2006